FoundationDB RAM requirements

According to the website FoundationDB requires 4GB

Can someone explain why it needs so much and what would happen if I only have 1 GB with SSD mode?

Also wouldn’t the requirements depend if I am using SSD or Memory Mode, why don’t the requirements take this into account?

I think we’ve meant to change the 4GB to 8GB, as that’s the bar that most knobs have been configured to meet, and how most folk are running it in production. And that’s what this guidance is meant for. The default settings of FDB are such that in most reasonable uses, FDB won’t run out of memory and die even if you subject it to a high degree of load if you have 8GB of memory per fdbserver process.

FDB isn’t meant to be a low memory usage database. It’s generally hard to acquire CPU and disk without also acquiring memory, and if the memory is available, then it’s better to use it than leave it unused. 8GB per core/disk is a sort of reasonable guess at the average ratios in a server. There’s various components that are (by default) happy to hold 1-2GB of data in memory. Notably, this is transaction logs holding the most recent N seconds of mutations in memory, or storage servers keeping a ~2GB page cache.

If you only have 1GB with SSD mode, then because the page cache defaults to 2GB, you’ll OOM as soon as your total data volume is >1GB, and you read all of it once. The memory storage engine has its own limits, which you can adjust with --storage_memory.

I don’t remember all the history here, but it’s possible the 4GB requirement was meant to represent a rough idea of what you might need to install the packages on a machine and run some simple workloads against the resulting cluster. I don’t think it’s required to have the full 8GB for simple cases like that. For production, though, I agree that the listed requirement should probably be higher.